[28] Bengal had overseas trade relations with Suvarnabhumi (Burma, Lower Thailand, the Lower Malay Peninsula and Sumatra). ", Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Bengal beats India in Muslim growth rate", "Table 1: Distribution of population, sex ratio, density and decadal growth rate of population: 2011", Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, "Table 2(3): Literates and literacy rates by sex : 2011", Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, "Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line", "With 76 Towns And Cities Already Open Defecation Free, West Bengal Aims To Reach The 100% Mark by the End of This Year", "Catastrophic Health Care Payment: how much protected are the users of public hospitals? [197] Popular street foods include Aloor Chop, Beguni, Kati roll, biryani, and phuchka. [101] Prior to this, West Bengal was ruled by the Left Front for 34 years (1977–2011), making it the world's longest-running democratically elected communist government. The Bengali film industry is well known for its art films, and has produced acclaimed directors like Satyajit Ray who is widely regarded as one of the greatest filmmakers of the 20th century,[185] Mrinal Sen whose films were known for their artistic depiction of social reality, Tapan Sinha who was one of the most prominent Indian film directors of his time,[186] and Ritwik Ghatak. Rice, potato, jute, sugarcane and wheat are the state's top five crops. Natural resources like tea and jute in nearby areas has made West Bengal a major centre for the jute and tea industries. [118] Important manufacturing industries include: engineering products, electronics, electrical equipment, cables, steel, leather, textiles, jewellery, frigates, automobiles, railway coaches and wagons. Folk music in West Bengal is often accompanied by the ektara, a one-stringed instrument. Its water flow management has been a source of lingering dispute between India and Bangladesh. Kolkata Metro, India's first metro rail system, As of 2011, the total length of surface roads in West Bengal was over 92,023 kilometres (57,180 miles);[117]:18 national highways comprise 2,578 km (1,602 mi)[130] and state highways 2,393 km (1,487 mi). [215] Sir William Jones established the Asiatic Society in 1794 to promote oriental studies. Santhal Female,dancers,group,rhythmic,close hands,dance,front,bending, Saltlake,Kolkata. Particularly on cultural occasions, men also wear traditional costumes such as the panjabi with dhuti while women wear salwar kameez or sari. [109] Other larger cities and towns in West Bengal are: Durgapur, Howrah, Bardhaman, Baharampur, Jalpaiguri, Kharagpur and Chandannagar. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister. Just like Durga Puja, Christmas in Kolkata is an occasion when all communities and people of every religion take part. The Santal people love music and dance. Smart cities are being planned close to Kolkata, and major roadway projects are in the offing to revive the economy. We celebrated for one day after the traditional Baha of the village is over. One theory suggests the word derives from "Bang", the name of a Dravidian tribe that settled the region around 1000 BCE. West Bengal Dance Art Unique Photo Folk Art Joy Culture Indian In This Moment Festivals The state contributes 42 seats to the Lok Sabha[99] and 16 seats to the Rajya Sabha of the Indian Parliament. 226,667,861 stock photos, vectors and videos, https://www.alamy.com/licenses-and-pricing/?v=1, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-santhal-58420620.html, Tribal santhal street dance, jagannath rath yatra, kolkata, west bengal, india, asia, https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-tribal-santhal-street-dance-jagannath-rath-yatra-kolkata-west-bengal-89564356.html, Kolkata, India. Bengali dance forms draw from folk traditions, especially those of the tribal groups, as well as the broader Indian dance traditions. [141] Hired forms of transport include metered taxis and auto rickshaws, which often ply specific routes in cities. Pre-pay for multiple images and download on demand. The region was later conquered by the British East India Company at the Battle of Plassey in 1757.[8][9]. [56] The 1974 smallpox epidemic killed thousands. This indicates the importance of public provision of health services to mitigate against poverty and the impact of illness on poor households. [120] The state's total financial debt stood at ₹1,918,350 million (US$27 billion) as of 2011. Advertise | Privacy Policy | Cookie Policy | Terms of Use. 10th Dec, 2015. The company gained the right to collect revenue in Bengal subah (province) in 1765 with the signing of the treaty between the East India company and the Mughal emperor following the Battle of Buxar in 1764. Tribal,Santhal,drummers,rounding in a circle,Female,dancers,dancing,in,their, heritage ,welcome,dance,Kolkata,India. Santhal community celebrated Sohrai in West Bengal's Purulia with traditional Santhal dance. [193] Bengal's vast repertoire of fish-based dishes includes hilsa preparations, a favourite among Bengalis. Eden Gardens was one of only two 100,000-seat cricket stadiums in the world;[239] renovations before the 2011 Cricket World Cup reduced the capacity to 66,000. Multi system operators provide a mix of Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, English and international channels via cable. After that the Naike, along with the villagers, goes to the ‘Jaher Than’ with sixteen chicks, collected from the village, and offers then to the spirits of the village and of the surroundings. T, The Santals: Anthropological-Theological Reflections on Santali & Biblical Creation Traditions. Edward Duyker Tribal Guerrillas: The Santals of West Bengal and the Naxalite Movement, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1987, pp. 531 likes. [211] Many of the schools in Kolkata and Darjeeling are colonial-era establishments housed in buildings that are exemplars of neo-classical architecture. Great note too... West Bengal schools are run by the state government or private organisations, including religious institutions. [147] The Darjeeling district also has a large Nepali immigrant population, making Nepali a widely spoken language there. biswaroop, Copyright © 2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. [206], Christmas, called Bôŗodin (Great day) is perhaps the next major festival celebrated in Kolkata, after Durga Puja. [192], Rice and fish are traditional favourite foods, leading to a saying in Bengali, "machhe bhate bangali", that translates as "fish and rice make a Bengali". Later various tribal sports, folk dances are organized — everybody can take part. [38], Islam was introduced through trade with the Abbasid Caliphate. Several independent Hindu states were established in Bengal during the Mughal period, including those of Pratapaditya of Jessore District and Raja Sitaram Ray of Bardhaman. A shorter reign of the Hindu Sena dynasty followed. Blocks consists of panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. We believe that these spirits are the original inhabitants of these places and are protecting them. [136][137], Kolkata is a major river port in eastern India. The Koch dynasty in northern Bengal flourished during the 16th and 17th centuries; it weathered the Mughals and survived until the advent of the British colonial era. [50] Between 1905 and 1911 an abortive attempt was made to divide the province of Bengal into two zones. [96] The high-altitude forests of Singalila National Park shelter barking deer, red panda, chinkara, takin, serow, pangolin, minivet and kalij pheasants. Nepali has additional official status in the three subdivisions of Darjeeling district. Sohrai is the most important festival of the Santhals. [210], Some of the notable schools in the city are: Ramakrishna Mission Narendrapur, Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission, Sister Nivedita Girls' School, Hindu School, Hare School, La Martiniere Calcutta, Calcutta Boys' School, St. James' School (Kolkata), South Point School, St. Xavier's Collegiate School, and Loreto House, Loreto Convent, Asansol some of which rank amongst the best schools in the country. SANTALI_Dance_World. [20][21], In 2011 the Government of West Bengal proposed a change in the official name of the state to PaschimBanga (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ Pôshchimbônggô).