... Population Pyramid . When the African slave trade ended, East Indians were brought in as indentured servants. “It’s not bad so much because of this idea that children are needed to support the welfare state, but because it reflects the increasing difficulty for young people to carry out their reproductive plans, their desire to form a family,” says Esteve. “Having a child costs money. But there is evidence that measures such as free or affordable childcare facilities favor having children.”. The Changing World Population Pyramid. Eurostat’s baseline scenario projects that the ongoing pattern of population ageing within the EU-27 is likely to continue through 2100, with both the size and the proportion of older persons in the total population increasing. Foreign disease from European settlers greatly reduced the native population, and there are few remaining today. Small contractions of less than 1.0 pp are projected for six EU Member States: Denmark, Cyprus, Hungary, Austria, Netherlands and Portugal, while the largest contractions in 2035 are projected for Ireland (-3.7 pp), Finland (-3.2 pp) and Poland (-3.1 pp). As such, the share of elderly persons is projected to rise by 11.0 percentage points - pp, reflecting an additional 39.7 million persons by 2100. The number of very old people — defined here as those aged 80 years and over — in the total EU-27 population is projected to more than double both in absolute and relative terms: from 26.0 million in 2019 (5.8 %) to 60.8 million (14.6 %) in 2100. miles). EUROPOP2019, the latest population projections released by Eurostat at the end of April 2020, provide the baseline projections and five sensitivity tests for population developments from 2019 to 2100 for 31 European countries: all of the EU-27 Member States and all four EFTA countries, using data for population on 1 January 2019 as a starting point. Among the EU-27 Member States, this share will range from 13.0 % in Cyprus to 16.4 % in Poland. And if young people take longer to move out of the family home [at an average age of 29.5 in Spain, compared to 18.5 in Sweden, according to Eurostat] and move in with a partner, it means that children come much later,” says Esteve. Spain’s population peaked at 47.08 million people in 2011.In the years following, Spain’s population declined until 2017 when it began increasing again back to 46.75 million in 2020. a mixture of positive and negative natural population changes — for the five remaining EU-27 Member States (Czechia, Greece, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania). By 2100, 12 EU-27 Member States are expected to have a young-age dependency ratio that is at least as high as for the EU-27 (25.4 %), with this ratio peaking for France (27.8 %), Denmark and Ireland (both 27.1 %). Over time, the shape of the world population pyramid is expected to shift from Stage 1 (high birth rates, high death rates) to something closer to Stage 4 (low birth rates, low death rates). Figure 9 shows the contributions of natural population change and net migration to overall population change in the EU-27 during the period 2019 to 2100, suggesting that for the entire projections horizon: Over the period 2019 to 2100, Eurostat’s projections suggest there will be 312.5 million births and 427.5 million deaths in the EU-27, equivalent to a net reduction of 115.0 million inhabitants as a result of natural changes in the population. Across countries, for 11 EU-27 Member States and all four EFTA countries it is projected that the population size will be higher in 2100 compared with 2019, with net migration being the main contributor to the population growth (see Table 1). At EU-27 level, the old-age dependency ratio is projected to rise from 31.4 % in 2019 to 57.1 % by 2100 (an increase of +25.7 pp). That’s according to final data released on Wednesday by Spain’s National Statistics Institute (INE). This page was last modified on 8 October 2020, at 13:19. By 2100 the situation is projected to changed considerably, with the old-age dependency ranging from 52-55 % in Cyprus, Sweden, Czechia, Germany, Denmark, Belgium, Ireland and the Netherlands up to highs of 63.2 % in Poland and 62.4 % in Italy. The differences between these pyramids highlight the projected developments to take place in the structure of the EU population between 2019 and 2100: The 2019 population pyramid may be described as a rhomboid (a parallelogram where the adjacent sides are unequal), due to the relatively high number of men and women aged 45-55, a cohort who were born in the second half of the 1960s and early 1970s. “If I had a magic wand and all women who wanted to have children could do so, we would be talking about 1.5 or 1.6 children per woman. This is a decrease of -0.21 % (-94,826 people) compared to population of 45,809,435 the year before. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Within the overall EU population declining by 2100, this is the only main demographic age group that is projected to grow, both in relative and absolute term, indicating the continuation of population ageing. Births have been declining in the first six months of the year for five consecutive years now. Over the period 2019 to 2035, the share of children (0-14 years) in the total population is projected to decrease in all EU Member States apart Germany, for which a narrow increase of +0.3 pp is projected (up to 13.9 % in 2035). Figure 8 shows the likely developments for each vital event, with the widest gap between the numbers of deaths and births projected for the decade from 2055 to 2064, reaching around 1.9 million persons. The larger part of this growth will take place at fast pace during the period 2019 to 2060, when is projected to reach 54.0 % (+22.6 pp), followed by a plateau at a level of 54.0 % for the next decade, then slowly increasing to 57.1 % (+3.1 pp) by 2100. By 2100 there will be fewer than two persons of working-age for each elderly person. Cyprus is projected to have the youngest population in 2100, with a median age of 46.6 years followed closely by Sweden (46.9 years). This drop can also be seen in provisional results for the first six months of 2019: with 170,074 births from January to June, it is the lowest figure in a historical data series that began in 1941. Both islands were originally settled by Amerindians, with Trinidad settled first around 7,000 years ago. “We thought that fertility would go up again after the crisis, but it hasn’t. Esteve insists that the natural decrease isn’t worrying. The size of a population changes in a dynamic fashion over time, as a function of three demographic events: births, deaths and migratory flows, each of which shapes the population’s structure over time.