However, due to staggered emergence, adults may be found during every month of the year in Florida (Heppner 2003). Holland WJ. Figure 2. Villiard P. 1975. The life cycle of the moth is much like that of any other Saturniidae species. 1973. Male and female pupae of polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer). 1964. The material presented across this site is for entertainment value and should not be construced as usable for scientific research or medical advice (insect bites, etc...) Please consult licensed, degreed professionals for such information. Polyphemus antennae are quadripectinate (comb-like on four sides) with those of males being larger than those of females. On the upper surface, there are pink-edged white ante-medial and post-medial lines on the forewin… Polyphemus caterpillars are polyphagous and have been reported in nature from over 50 species of broad-leaved plants (Ferguson 1972, Heppner 2003, Tietz 1972, Tuskes et al. First instar larva of polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer). In the late 1950s, amateur lepidopterist Gary Botting hybridized the Polyphemus moth (then known as Telea polyphemus) with Antheraea yamamai from Japan and, later, Antheraea mylitta from India by transferring the pheromone-producing scent sacs from female "T. polyphemus" to the Antheraea females and allowing T. polyphemus males to mate with them. 1979. Mansingh A, Smallman BN. (1996). There is considerable variation in color of the wings even in specimens from the same locality (Holland 1968). Figure 18. Also, during the first day after emergence, the moth voids the liquid meconium which is composed of the breakdown waste products of the old larval tissues. Townes HK. Polyphemus caterpillars are never sufficiently common to cause significant damage to their host trees except occasionally in California where they may be pests of commercial plums (Tuskes et al. Catalogue of the Tachinidae (Diptera) of North America north of Mexico. Peduncle may be weak allowing cocoon to fall to ground during winter or strong so that cocoon remains on tree all winter. Note the comb-like feathery antennae of the male, which are nearly double the size of the female. 1973). (Distributed by Entomological Reprint Specialists. An Index to the Described Life Histories, Early Stages and Hosts of the Macrolepidoptera of the Continental United States and Canada. Photograph by Donald W. Hall, University of Florida. The eyespots give it its name – from the Greek myth of the cyclops Polyphemus. 1973. Hilton HO. 1979, Townes 1944), and one species of proctotrupoid wasp (Collins and Weast 1961). New York) 479 pp. Polyphemus moths are our most widely distributed large silk moths. Photograph by Donald W. Hall, University of Florida. Caterpillars exposed to short photoperiods (8-12 hours) produce diapausing (overwintering) pupae while those exposed to long photoperiods ( >17 hours) produce non-diapausing pupae (Mansingh and Smallman 1967). 1978. Afternoon emergence allows time for expansion and drying of the wings prior to the evening flight period. A Catalog and Reclassification of the Nearctic Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera). Arnaud PH. The large hind wing eyespots are ringed with prominent yellow, white (partial) and black rings. Dover Publications, Inc. New York, New York. All have a small eyespot in the center of the forewing, and a very large eyespot in the middle of the hindwing. They have yellow mid-segmental lines that run from the sub-dorsal scoli (setae-bearing, wart-like bumps) touching the spiracles and to the lateral scoli on abdominal segments 2 to 7. 1979, Peck 1963), one species of braconid wasp (Krombein et al. The Polyphemus moth uses defense mechanisms to protect itself from predators. 1963. The cocoonase is produced and released from the highly modified maxillary galeae (the structures that form the tongue or proboscis of moths and butterflies that feed as adults). In captivity, they will lay their eggs on any substrate. Cocoon of polyphemus moth, Antheraea polyphemus (Cramer). Gainesville, Florida 410 pp. This involves the large eyespots on its hindwings, which give the moth its name (from the cyclops Polyphemus in Greek mythology).