However, it remains unclear whether subsequent reasoning can lead people to change their initial decision. Suppose that you and a group … Now that he’s identified externalization as a mechanism of fine-grained correlated interaction, Stanford – whose 20-year career at UCI has focused primarily on scientific realism – plans to pursue his own experimental work to test the theory. This process in turn generated the incredible range and variety of different moral commitments that characterize different human societies across the globe. Stage 2: Instrumental Relativist Orientation. For example, a child gives away her lunch to a street peasant because she thinks doing so means being nice. When performing studies or experiments that involve human participants, psychologists must submit their proposal to an institutional review board (IRB) for approval. Particularly Exciting Experiments in Psychology™ (PeePs) is a free summary of ongoing research trends common to six APA journals that focus on experimental psychology. closeness in relationship) and even physical distance we seek to maintain between ourselves and others systematically depends on the extent of our identified moral (but not other kinds of) disagreements with them: as we increase the number and extent of known moral disagreements we have with any particular member of our social group, we simultaneously increase both the social and physical distances we seek to establish and maintain between that person and ourselves, reflecting their reduced desirability as a potential social partner. Office: SST 769. He used Piaget’s storytelling technique to tell people stories involving moral dilemmas. In contrast, target children in the moral norm condition generally provided justifications that simply stated the facts ("She stole"), but not the rule (e.g., "She should not steal"). The Trolley Problem. P Kyle Stanford is a professor of logic and philosophy of science at UC Irvine. Particularly Exciting Experiments in Psychology. From an evolutionary point of view, the puzzle is what such ‘externalization’ of moral demands does for us that we couldn’t accomplish just as well or better using only the same sorts of subjective preferences and desires that evolution already uses to motivate the vast majority of our behavior. Developed by psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg, this theory made us understand that morality starts from the early childhood years and can be affected by several factors. Describe the Trolley Problem and explain how it has implications for the ethics of autonomous vehicles. He found out that children are faced with different moral issues, and their judgments on whether they are to act positively or negatively over each dilemma are heavily influenced by several factors.