This figure doubled by 1370 and gave Poland a population density of 8.6 people per square km. The population further grew until recently, when it finally started decreasing because of a negative growth rate. The male population of the country is about 48.2%, and the remaining 51.8% belongs to the female population. The death rate is at 10.4 per 1,000 individuals, over a full point up from previous calculations. The birth rate is now at 9.5 births per 1,000 individuals, indicating another decrease in the natural growth rate. NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Youth Dependency Ratio Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64. The death rate was calculated as 9.24 deaths per 1000 deaths, which is still very close to the birth rate. When combined, this data gives an overall ratio of 0.94 male per female. The fertility rate is currently at 1.35 children per woman, which is a much smaller decrease than similar recent statistics in this arena. Sources - What is a population pyramid? For the last age group, which is 65 years and over, the sex ratio is calculated to be about 0.62 male / female. Poland, which is called the Republic of Poland in the official books, is located in Central Europe. The infant mortality rate is estimated to be 6.42 deaths / 1000 live births for the total, with 7.12 deaths for the males and 5.67 deaths for the females per 1000 live births. Elderly population will be more than twice of the young population at 2039. Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100, Elderly dependency ratio Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100, Total dependency ratio Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios. Another language that exists on a more regional basis is Kashubian. The population of Warsaw, which is the only city with over a million residents, currently has a population of 1,708,139. However, the population still struggled to revive. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision). The population of the Republic of Poland was at only 1 million around the year 1000. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) This means that Poland will lose almost 40% of its population by the end of the century. The growth rate also stayed negative until around 2007, but recently the stats have changed. - Keywords: demography, population pyramid, age pyramid, aging, retirement, Poland, 2020. Poland’s population is expected to decline at a much faster rate in the coming decades, shrinking to 23.17 million people at the end of the century. The country constitutes a total area of 120,726 square miles (312,679 square kilometers) , which makes it the 69th largest country of the world and the ninth largest in Europe. Since about 1999, Poland’s population has slowly been declining. miles). ... A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population. By 1815, there were 11 million Poles in the territory; but due to the 3 partitions after 1772, the population was distributed among different countries. The natural increase is expected to be positive, as the number of births will exceed the number of deaths by 22,032. Urbanization in the country further increased the population due to the innumerous migrations. Of this number, 61.5% of the people belonged to urban areas. Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100. The 2019 population density in Poland is 124 people per Km2 (320 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 306,230 Km2 (118,236 sq. Year ( 2020 ) ♂ ♀ 0-4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85-89 90-94 95-99 100+ Poland 2020 Population: 37,846,605 In 2018, these numbers are now updated to reflect a median age of 40.7 years of age, with a total life expectancy of 77.8 years of age. The fertility rate has been decreasing since 2008, which at that point was 1.39 children born per woman and has now reached 1.31 children born per woman. The growth rate has now become 1.19%, which is the estimate calculated in 2012. View live population, charts & trends: Population of Poland, A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent. For the next age group, which is 15-64 years, it is 0.99 male / female. By 1490, Poland’s population had jumped up to about 8 million inhabitants. (life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined), © Copyright - All rights reserved -, Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, World Urbanization Prospects - Population Division, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). For the age group under 15 years, it is 1.06 males / female. The capital of Poland is Warsaw, and its official language is Polish. There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. Even after the millions of deaths in the Second World War, the census held in 1946 indicated a total population of 23,930,000. A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population. Poland ranks number 38 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. To its west is Germany, to its south are Slovakia and the Czech Republic, and to the east are Ukraine and Belarus. Poland’s population is shrinking at a rate of 0.11%. Poland’s population peaked at 38.57 million people and has since then decreased to about 37.85 million people. Poland’s population is expected to decline at a much faster rate in the coming decades, shrinking to 23.17 million people at the end of the century. Population of Poland (2020) View live population, charts & trends: Population of Poland. Blog - Follow us on Twitter - Buy a poster - Contact us by email, © December 2019 by, made available under a Creative Commons license CC BY 3.0 IGO:, Population Pyramids of the World from 1950 to 2100, Less developed regions, excluding least developed countries, Comparison of carbon emissions per country, List of countries ordered by their population size, Origin of the migrants stocks per country, Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19), Age dependency ratio (% of working-age population), Antiretroviral therapy coverage for PMTCT (% of pregnant women living with HIV), Antiretroviral therapy coverage (% of people living with HIV), Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total), Children with fever receiving antimalarial drugs (% of children under age 5 with fever), Completeness of death registration with cause-of-death information (%), Diabetes prevalence (% of population ages 20 to 79), Diarrhea treatment (% of children under 5 receiving oral rehydration and continued feeding), GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$), Health expenditure per capita (current US$), Immunization, BCG (% of one-year-old children) - Turberculosis, Immunization, DPT (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and Tetanus, Immunization, HepB3 (% of one-year-old children) - Hepatitis B, Immunization, Hib3 (% of children ages 12-23 months) - Meningitis, Pneumonia, and Epiglottitis, Immunization, measles (% of children ages 12-23 months), Immunization, Polio (% of one-year-old children), Incidence of HIV (% of uninfected population ages 15-49), Incidence of malaria (per 1,000 population at risk), Incidence of tuberculosis (per 100,000 people), Labor force, female (% of total labor force), Literacy rate, adult female (% of females ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above), Literacy rate, youth male (% of males ages 15-24), People practicing open defecation, urban (% of urban population), Population ages 65 and above (% of total), Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49), Prevalence of overweight, female (% of female adults), Prevalence of overweight, male (% of male adults), Prevalence of overweight (% of children under 5), Prevalence of syphilis (% of women attending antenatal care), Public spending on education, total (% of GDP), Risk of impoverishing expenditure for surgical care (% of people at risk), School enrollment, secondary, male (% net), Sex ratio at birth (male births per female births), Smoking prevalence, females (% of adults), Suicide mortality rate (per 100,000 population), Tuberculosis death rate (per 100,000 people), Unemployment, total (% of total labor force), Poland population is equivalent to 0.49% of the total world population. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100. Poland is a unitary state comprised of 16 voivodeships. The country was affected comparatively little by the Black Death than the rest of Western Europe, which is why its population didn’t fall as much and continued to rise. The life expectancy rate has often been in the favor of deaths, especially during the World War. Poland Population. 37,846,611. see live. According to figures calculated by the Polish Central Statistical Office, Poland had a population of 37,115,000 people by the end of 2007. Yearly Change-0.11% Global Share. Additionally, Poland has negative net migration, especially as some of the country’s best and brightest have left to other countries for better job opportunities (known as “brain drain”). Poland 2020 population is estimated at 37,846,611 people at mid year according to UN data. The sex ratio at the time of birth between men and women is 1.06 males / female. The fertility rate in Poland is 1.439 births per woman, too low to replace the population. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline, See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy. 87% of the population follows a Catholic religious path, while small percentages follow Protestant, Orthodox, and other religions. Out of this, 32% of the people were living in cities and towns and in urban areas, whereas 68% of the people were living in the countryside. Population Pyramids: Poland - 2020. This made the average population density equal to 122 people / km2. Poland’s population peaked at 38.57 million people and has since then decreased to about 37.85 million people. The population density in Poland is 124 per Km 2 (320 people per mi 2). Poland population 2020 During 2020 Poland population is projected to increase by 7,344 people and reach 38,659,927 in the beginning of 2021. The birth rate in 2012 was estimated to be 9.96 per 1000 people. Other cities with notable populations between 500,000 and 1,000,000 are Krakow, Lodz, Wroclaw, and Poznan. See also the number of migrants for this country. The northern border is comprised of the Baltic Sea, Kaliningrad Oblast, Lithuania and the Russian exclave.