There are six hepatic arteries, portal veins and bile ducts which surrounds each lobule of the liver. The liver helps in the metabolism of carbohydrate, proteins, fats etc. Therefore, a tissue is the functional and structural unit of an organ. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Required fields are marked *. Liver and kidney are the two organs which perform two different functions in our body. The liver stores glucose, fats, and many other micronutrients such as iron, copper, and many vitamins. While producing urine, they excrete the wastes products, such as urea and ammonium; and are also res… Liver and Kidneys are both organs in the organisms. Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) causes the cyst to form in the kidneys that can adversely affect kidney functions. Distal convoluted loop helps in the absorption of sodium into the blood and take in potassium and acids. Liver and Kidneys are both organs in the organisms. Last is the number, in which liver is found as one in number and kidney is found as two in number. Renal cortex: It is surrounded by a layer of fatty tissue refers as a renal capsule. • Each individual contains one liver and two kidneys in their body. The mammalian kidneys have two types of nephrons, namely, juxtamedullary nephron and cortical nephron. The major differences between liver and kidney include the following two properties: The liver is the organ, which is the part of our digestive system whereas the kidney is the organ that is the part of our excretory system. Collecting ducts is the area of exit for the filtered fluid which ends to the renal pelvis. It also plays a major role in the process of digestion by producing the substance called bile, which is essential for lipid digestion. Stores glycogen, fat, ions, vitamins etc. It helps in the protection of internal structures of the kidney and is composed of a glomerulus and convoluted tubules. They serve as a natural filter for the blood, and remove wastes, which are further diverted to the urinary bladder. It is located on the right side of the abdomen and protected by the rib cage. Even though both these organs do the same primary function, they are different in many aspects. The primary function of kidney and liver is to expel or remove toxic substances that result from the metabolic reactions in the animal body. into the blood. The three major functions of human kidneys are filtration of fluid in the blood, reabsorption of important solutes (such as glucose, amino acids, inorganic salts etc.) A collection of different types of tissues organized to perform a particular function or functions is known as an ‘organ’. It is roughly triangular in shape, and fills almost the whole right side of the upper abdomen. It is stored and concentrated in the gallbladder. Liver: It is the large, glandular and the second largest organ which is the essential part of our digestive system which plays a crucial role in providing energy or metabolism to or body. Kidneys are those organs, which facilitate various functions involved in the regulation of the body. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. The kidneys are some of the most important organs in your body, and each one contains many parts. The liver is a part of the digestive system whereas the kidney is a part of the excretory system. Glycogen, ions, vitamins etc. contain strings of nephrons which acts as a functional unit of the kidney which transfers fluid into the kidney which then passes over by the nephron to the collecting ducts. • Liver is an organ of the digestive system while kidneys are the organs of the urinary system. Glomerulus absorbs the protein from the blood through the renal corpuscle and passes the remaining fluid to the Bowman capsule. In general, functions of the kidneys include eliminating metabolic waste products, regulating body water concentration and blood pressure, and maintaining a constant blood pH. An organ system is composed of a group of organs that performs a particular function in the body. Liver and kidney are the vital organs of our body that help process and filter out food, medications, alcohol and other substances that enter our body. What is the difference between Liver and Kidney? It comprises of several parts which include proximal convoluted tubule, Henle’s loop and Distal convoluted loop. Filtration and reabsorption of glucose can be done by kidneys. The blood enters into the renal corpuscle after entering into the nephron. • Unlike kidney, the liver stores glucose and fat. They are primarily essential in the urinary system and also play an important role in the homeostatic regulation of the electrolytes. Especially vertebrates have a well-developed organ system among other animal groups. is the area of exit for the filtered fluid which ends to the renal pelvis. “What Causes Cysts on the Liver and Kidneys?” There are many causes that can cause a cyst in the liver … To know the more details about the structure and functions of both, let’s take an overview of their structure or anatomy: The liver is made of numerous cells or functional unit of liver cells refers as “Lobules”. Liver vs Kidney . 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Each kidney is served by a renal artery, which receives blood and, from this blood, urine is produced. Renal medulla: It is the inner tissue of a kidney which is generally smooth and contains a renal pyramid as well as a loop of Henle. Excretion of nitrogenous wastes like urea, ammonia etc. It is a deep reddish-brown in color, and is situated on the right side of the abdominal cavity, just below the right hemi-diaphragm, to the left of the stomach. On the other side, a cyst in the liver leads to the fluid-filled sacs throughout the organ. It purifies the blood from the digestive tract. Coming from Engineering cum Human Resource Development background, has over 10 years experience in content developmet and management. They maintain the acid-base balance, and regulate the blood-pressure. It comprises of glomerulus and Bowman capsule. A collection of different types of tissues organized to perform a particular function or functions is known as an ‘organ’. • Liver excretes bile pigments as a metabolic waste of hemoglobin breakdown whereas kidney excretes ammonia, urea, uric acid, urochrome, water, and certain inorganic irons such as waste products. There are about 100,000 hexagonal lobules that form the structure of the liver. The kidney is divided into four zones which are as follows: Renal corpuscle: It also refers as “Malpighian tubule”. Never Stay Dehydrated ; If you want your liver and kidney to give you the best of what they do, then you have to keep them up and running with hydration. Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, fats etc. Water is like their fuel and they need it to function in their maximum capacity. Kidney: It is small and a bean-shaped organ which is the essential part of our excretory system that plays a crucial role in the filtering of waste nitrogenous products from our body through its function unit refers as nephron. Henle’s loop helps in the absorption of potassium, sodium, chloride ions etc. Bowman capsule collects the remaining fluid after the absorption of protein and passes it to the renal tubules. Bile is a fluid mixture, consisting of bile pigments and bile salts. It does not perform the function of storage. That is, it is pressing against the domed right half of the diaphragm, which separates it from the right side of the thoracic cavity. Hepatocytes cells constitute the majority of the part of the liver and help in digestion, metabolism and storage whereas kupffer cells first capture the old or dead RBCs and break them down. The liver, the body's largest glandular organ, weighs approximately 3 pounds. whereas kidney helps in the excretion of nitrogenous wastes. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. The liver is capable of synthesizing blood proteins involved in clotting and detoxifying toxic or harmful chemical substances like nicotine, barbiturates, and alcohol in the body. Humans have two bean shaped kidneys that are located in the posterior abdominal wall beneath the diaphragm, and lie on either side of the vertebral column. Especially vertebrates have a well-developed organ system among other animal groups. Urine then drains to a urinary bladder through a ureter. The liver is the largest internal organ that performs as many as 500 important functions in the human body. One pair of kidney and one liver is found in our body. The liver plays an important role in the digestion of fats through breakdown and adsorption by secreting.