Biodiversity: Fusion of two words, biological, and diversity. They are- In situ conservation and Ex-situ conservation. Essential life sustaining conditions like climate, food availability, veterinary care can be altered and are under human control. There are a total of 104 national parks in India, right now. Biodiversity is the variety and variability of life on Earth.Biodiversity is typically a measure of variation at the genetic, species, and ecosystem level. For the Greater Good Science Center, “diversity” refers to both an obvious fact of human life—namely, that there are many different kinds of people—and the idea that this diversity drives … To ensure sustainable management of the species and ecosystems. the existence of a wide variety of plant and animal species in their natural environments, which is the aim of conservationists concerned about the indiscriminate destruction of rainforests and other habitats. has brought to you Lecture of Usama Qamar on "9th Class Biology Chapter 3 Biodiversity . Advantages of Ex Situ Conservation include. It is to make sure that ecological integrity is intact. The presence of a large number of organism found in a particular area … Types of Diversity 1. A healthy ecosystem also includes the availability of pure water, pure air, healthy land, good climate, and availability of nutrients on Earth. 3. Vedantu academic counsellor will be calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session. It is economic and a convenient method of conservation. “Protection, restoration, and management of biodiversity in order to derive sustainable benefits for present and future generations.”. Pro Lite, Vedantu Hence, biodiversity is very important. For example: In forests, there are a variety of plants and animals. These artificial ecosystems could be zoos, nurseries, botanical gardens, etc. All of these organisms have their interrelationships and their relationship with the environment. Conservation of Ecosystems- The intent of the conservation of biodiversity is to provide long term viability to the ecosystems. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. To protect and preserve species diversity. Loss of biodiversity is a serious problem and the following are the … Habitat Diversity/ Ecosystem Diversity. A common measure of this variety, called species richness, is … Two types of methods are employed to conserve biodiversity. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Topic 1 Introduction to Biodiversity". A few human activities such as cultivation, wood collection, and other forest product collection are allowed here, but they must not interfere with the conservation of the animals. There are … It can positively affect ecological … Loss of biodiversity is very harmful to the ecosystem as it indicates either loss of species, or reduction of species in a natural habitat, or both of them on a global level. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? The species can be protected from poaching and population management can be efficiently done. All rights reserved. Biodiversity and Conservation – CBSE Notes for Class 12 Biology. The variability of life on Earth is called Biodiversity. Biodiversity: 1. She focuses on biodiversity — making sure there’s a wide variety of species in a natural area. The teacher will help to clear any misconceptions about the implications of losing a species and why we should, in fact, worry when animal or plant species go extinct. BIODIVERSITY - DEFINITION The number and variety of plants, animals and other organisms that exist in an ecosystem is known as biodiversity It is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems The richness of biodiversity depends on the climatic conditions and area of the region ' Biodiversity … Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition In situ conservation involves the management of biodiversity in the same area where it is found. A number of factors like pollution, erosion, evolution, urbanization, industrialization, population, and depletion lead to the loss of biodiversity. INTRODUCTION The term Biodiversity … Here we have covered Important Questions on Biodiversity and Conservation for Class 12 Biology subject.. A healthy ecosystem means a clean and healthy environment, smooth running food chains, availability of resources, and so on. Diversity means a variety.Biodiversity means biological variety.It refers to the variety of organism (plants,animals and micro-organism) found in a particular area or habitat. Various measures that can be taken to conserve biodiversity may include- prevention of deforestation, preventions of species extinctions by poaching and killing, efficient use of natural resources, no human interventions on biologically affected lands, etc. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? Biodiversity is thus the variability between the species, within … a definition of the term in their own words; a symbol or drawing to represent the term; one example of how the term affects organisms living in the ocean; After they finish, collect the cards and post them on the board. biodiversity A term that describes the number of different species that live within a particular ecosystem. Terrestrial biodiversity is usually greater near the equator, which is the result of the warm climate and high primary productivity. Or, it can also be defined as, “the totality of genes, species, and ecosystems in a defined area.”. Therefore, biodiversity conservation plays an important role in the quality of life of all living organisms. Biodiversity refers to the variety of living species on Earth, including plants, animals, bacteria, and fungi. All rights reserved. A biodiversity hotspot are the areas of conservation where there is strictly a minimum of 1500 species of vascular plants and a habitat that has lost its 70% cover. Biological diversity adds to the quality of … “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. Plans to open more such sanctuaries are underway. A term that describes the number of different species that live within a particular ecosystem. It affects agriculture and weakens the resistance to natural disasters like floods, drought, etc. We are interdependent on a variety of species of plants and animals for a living. Now the Endangered Species Act (which passed the House 355-4 in 1973) enshrines a national commitment to biodiversity. Benefits of Biodiversity 6. What are the various measures to conserve Biodiversity? Students will then be instructed to watch a 4-minute video about biodiversity and make a list as to why it is important. It is mostly a part of the forest where its wildlife is given complete protection. Example- The Himalayas, The Western Ghats, The North East, and The Nicobar Islands. CBSE Class 8 Science Notes –Here is a detailed Explanation, Notes, Question Answers provided for NCERT Science Textbook for Class 8. Biosphere reserve. Reverse the decline of species- According to this strategy, the aim of conservation is to restore the population of declined species in a particular ecosystem. It includes a variety of plants, animals and microorganisms. Different methods of In-situ conservation include biosphere reserves, national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, biodiversity hotspots, gene sanctuary, and sacred groves. What is Biodiversity? Conservation of … What is In Ex-Situ and In-Situ Biodiversity Conservation, Vedantu Creating public awareness about conservation of biodiversity and its importance. Example- Kanha National Park, Gir National Park, Kaziranga National Park, and so on. The preservation of biodiversity is considered by environmentalists to be a major goal of environmental policy. We Asked, You Answered. • Biodiversity or Biological diversity: It refers to the variety or organisms existing on the earth. Teacher and students will then cover relevant vocabulary. Human beings are also majorly dependent on the environment for basic necessities and wellbeing. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 7 Conservation of Plants and Animals Topics and Sub Topics in Class 8 Science Chapter 7 Conservation of Plants and Animals: Section … It affects agriculture and weakens the resistance to natural disasters like floods, drought, etc. The first essay of 400 to 500 words on ‘Conservation of Biodiversity’ is for students of class 7, 8, 9, and 10. A biosphere reserve is a large,protected area of land meant for the conservation of wildlife,biodiversity and the traditional lifestyles of the tribal people living in the area.. … Poaching and killing animals in the wild should be prevented. The living environments are altered in these conservation sites, so there are fewer survival struggles like scarcity of food, water, or space. Sacred Groves are conserved areas for wildlife protected by communities due to religious beliefs. Class 8 Science Biosphere reserves Biosphere reserves are the extended protected land mean at for the conservation of wild animals and plants. Pro Lite, Vedantu Biodiversity takes into account all the living organisms present on Earth. American English is not always as it appears to be ... get to know regional words in this quiz! It is the method in which part of the population or the entire endangered species is taken from its natural habitat which is threatened and breeding and maintaining of these species take place in artificial ecosystems. It directly impacts the ecosystem and food chains in it. These are limited reserves maintained by the government for the conservation of wildlife as well as the environment. It ensures protection to a large number of populations. Students will discuss biodiversity as they try to connect it to prior learning. Healthy and good biodiversity indicate a healthy and good ecosystem. 8. They are mostly open to tourists and researchers. diversity among and within plant and animal species in an environment. Conventions on Biodiversity 10.Conclusion 11.Reference 2. These are national governments nominated sites, large areas (often up to 5000 square km) of an ecosystem where traditional lifestyle and natural habitat of the inhabitants of that ecosystem are protected. Biodiversity takes into account all the living organisms present on Earth. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Maximum diversity is found in forests. It means the conservation of genetic resources in natural populations of plant or animal species. This video is a part of Pebbles AP Board & TS Board Syllabus Live Teaching Videos Pack. It refers to the variations of living organisms at species and genetic levels. In situ, biodiversity conservation has many advantages. Aesthetic Value: The beauty of our planet is because of biodiversity, which otherwise would have resembled other barren planets dotted around the universe. It explicitly recognizes that every biota can be characterized by its taxonomic, ecological, and genetic diversity and that the way the… Strict laws on deforestation and preventions of deforestation by every means. Estimated Cl… The Himalayas, The Western Ghats, The North East, and The Nicobar Islands. As a class, go over each card and match it to its corresponding term/definition… This is called a loss of biodiversity. Protecting half the planet could help solve climate change and save species, California and the Forest Service have a plan to prevent future catastrophic fires, What it takes to save species, locally and globally, #BlackBirdersWeek seeks to open the outdoors for everyone, Green Politics Has to Get More Radical, Because Anything Less Is Impractical.