A total of 55 weather stations posted record high daily temperatures, said Xinhua, citing Zhang Zuqiang, director of the emergency relief and public service department of China Meteorological Administration. In July the isotherm of 82 °F (28 °C) marks an extensive area. China's national average temperature hit 22 degrees Celsius (71.6 Fahrenheit) this summer, the highest since 1961, the official Xinhua news agency reported on Tuesday. Opposite changes are discernible over northern China. Cool weather and religious vistas, both natural and cultural, grants Tibet as one of the best destinations for your summer travel in China. You can jump to a separate table for each section of the country: North China, Northeast China, East China, South Central China, Southwest China and Northwest China. All quotes delayed a minimum of 15 minutes. The lower area around the Yangtze River is one of China’s key regions for rice, its most important food grain. The annual range of temperature between the extreme south and north is about 86 °F (48 °C). This study investigates the association between summer high temperature extremes (HTEs) over China and the Pacific meridional mode (PMM) that is characterized by an anomalous north–south sea surface temperature gradient and an anomalous surface circulation over the northeastern subtropical Pacific. School of Geography and Planning, and Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, and Institute of Environment, Energy and Sustainability, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. Reporting by Engen Tham and David Stanway in Shanghai; Editing by Michael Perry. Along the coast of southern Guangdong, willows start to bud in late January, but in Beijing the budding of willows comes as late as early April. China - China - Temperature: Temperatures generally decrease from south to north. The mean annual temperature is above 68 °F (20 °C) in the Pearl River valley. Further examinations suggest that the PMM is linked with HTEs in China through processes that entail both eastward and westward development of signals emanating from the PMM site. The mean July temperature of Nanchang and Changsha is well above 84 °F (29 °C), and in many years it exceeds 86 °F (30 °C). North of this line, the temperature drops from freezing to −18 °F (−28 °C) in the northern part of Heilongjiang. The hottest places in China are found along the valleys of the middle and lower Yangtze. In South China the reverse is true. Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles. You do not currently have access to this content. During that time the mean temperature for the Northeast Plain is between 36 and 46 °F (2 and 8 °C), and for the extensive plain between Beijing and Shanghai it is between 54 and 59 °F (12 and 15 °C). Along with some windy days, the weather in spring is varied largely in most north and south China cities.For instance, it may be cold enough to snow in Harbin city, while it is warm enough to play outside in Sanya. Some 93 weather stations reported extreme high temperatures mostly in Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Sichuan, Hubei, and Shandong provinces. 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On the other hand, the eastward development process is linked to the PMM-induced displacement of the East Asian jet stream and the generation of a midlatitude Rossby wave train. These changes are favorable for the occurrence and persistence of HTEs over eastern China and tend to suppress HTEs over northern China. If visible, please click on the Kudos Summary button above to view the author's plain language summary of this article. 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The westward development is associated with the formation of an anomalous low-level cyclone over the western North Pacific (WNP), which may be viewed as a Matsuno–Gill-type response to the off-equatorial heating in the eastern Pacific. Climate, 33, 5905–5917, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0425.1. See here for a complete list of exchanges and delays. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In summer the temperature range between North and South China is quite small. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 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