Home Embed All High School Chemistry Resources . Acids and bases are concerned with the actions of hydrogen ions or protons in aqueous solutions. Please follow these steps to file a notice: A physical or electronic signature of the copyright owner or a person authorized to act on their behalf; By definition, a Lewis base is any species that __________. An identification of the copyright claimed to have been infringed; the If the hydronium concentration is less than , then the solution will be basic. There are three principle definitions for acids and bases. increase the concentration of hydroxide ions in a solution, increase the concentration of hydrogen ions in a solution. Spellers of the world, untie! There are only six strong acids: perchloric acid (HClO4), hydroiodic acid (HI), hydrobromic acid (HBr), hydrochloric acid (HCl), nitric acid (HNO3), and sulfuric acid (H2SO4). It's free and takes five seconds. Nuclear chemistry is concerned with the behavior of protons and neutrons in the atomic nucleus. She has taught science courses at the high school, college, and graduate levels. Math Basics . UniversityOF RICHMOND, Bachelor of Science, Chemistry (Physics Minor). Learn about chemical reactions, atoms and molecules, phases of matter, and much more. The properties of the elements exhibit trends based on the structure of their electrons. Students who study and review the science terminology and vocabulary used in high school science lessons are better equipped to achieve understanding of the concepts. Learn about the different states and how matter transforms itself from one state to another. This list is just the catalyst you need to improve your chemistry vocabulary. An acid that dissociates completely in solution is considered a strong acid due to its high Ka value. Start a Jam and invite your friends and classmates to join! Learn about the relationships between matter and energy. Chemistry Galvanized Steel: The steel whose surface has been coated with a layer of zinc in order to prevent corrosion is known as galvanized steel. Acids have hydrogen ions and balanced charges, "di" tells us that the acid in question has two potential hydrogen ions, which can be ionized and turned into protons (protic). Lewis bases donate an electron pair, and Lewis acids accept an electron pair. According to the Lewis definition, acids are __________. Brønsted-Lowry definitions center on proton donation. If you've found an issue with this question, please let us know. Examples of Polar and Nonpolar Molecules. information described below to the designated agent listed below.
CREATE AN ACCOUNT Create Tests & Flashcards. The concept of donating and/or accepting hydrogens refers to the Bronsted-Lowry definition of acids. If you believe that content available by means of the Website (as defined in our Terms of Service) infringes one Send your complaint to our designated agent at: Charles Cohn Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter. Matter is always in motion. According to the Lewis definition, acids are electron pair acceptors. Math is used in all the sciences, including high school chem class. on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement. temperature measured on the absolute scale, the lowest temperature theoretically attainable, a process in which one substance permeates another, the quality of being near to the true value, any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste, the energy that an atomic system must acquire before a process (such as an emission or reaction) can occur, a chemical reaction in which one molecule is added to another, any of the monovalent metals of group I of the periodic table (lithium or sodium or potassium or rubidium or cesium or francium), any of the bivalent metals of group II of the periodic table, a structurally different form of an element, a mixture containing two or more metallic elements, without real or apparent crystalline form, without water; especially without water of crystallization, a particle with a negative electric charge, the property of an atom that causes it to have weight, quantity of protons in the nucleus of an atom of an element, (chemistry) the mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic mass units, the principle that equal volumes of all gases (given the same temperature and pressure) contain equal numbers of molecules, the number of molecules in a mole of a substance, a compound reacting with an acid to form a salt and water, a flatbottomed jar made of glass or plastic, chemical compound composed of only two elements, bring to the temperature at which a liquid changes to vapor, the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level, the pressure of an ideal gas at constant temperature varies inversely with the volume, (chemistry) an ionic compound that resists changes in its pH, the tendency to float in water or other liquid, substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction, a particle with a positive electric charge, a series of chemical reactions in which the product of one is a reactant in the next, the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body, (physics) the density of an ideal gas at constant pressure varies inversely with the temperature, process determined by substances' composition and structure, that part of the energy in a substance that can be released by a chemical reaction, a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements, a property used to characterize materials in reactions that change their identity, a process in which substances are changed into others, a process used for separating mixtures by virtue of differences in absorbency, a constant number that serves as a measure of some property, the force that holds together molecules in a solid or liquid, a mixture with properties between those of a solution and fine suspension, a reaction of a substance with oxygen to give heat and light, the way in which someone or something is put together, a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements, process of changing from a gas to a liquid or solid state, the property of transmitting heat, electricity, or sound, a substance that readily serves as a medium for transmission, a chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons between atoms in a molecule, a vessel used for high temperature chemical reactions, a solid having a highly regular atomic structure, consisting of or containing or of the nature of crystals, (chemistry) separation of a substance into two or more substances that may differ from each other and from the original substance, the natural process of laying something down, of or relating to a molecule made up of two atoms, a solution reduced in strength or concentration, purifying a liquid by boiling it and condensing its vapors, Russian chemist who developed a periodic table of the chemical elements and predicted the discovery of several new elements (1834-1907), a covalent bond in which two pairs of electrons are shared between two atoms, a chemical reaction between two compounds where the positive ion of one compound is exchanged with the positive ion of another compound, capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out, (chemistry) a chemical decomposition reaction produced by passing an electric current through a solution containing ions, an elementary particle with negative charge, (chemistry) the tendency of an atom or radical to attract electrons in the formation of an ionic bond, a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances, a chemical formula showing the ratio of elements in a compound rather than the total number of atoms, occurring or formed with absorption of heat, a chemical reaction accompanied by the absorption of heat, energy in a system no longer available for mechanical work, a complex protein produced by cells that acts as a catalyst, a chemical reaction and its reverse proceed at equal rates, the process of becoming a suspension of particles in the air, occurring or formed with the release of heat, a chemical reaction accompanied by the evolution of heat, a collection of things sharing a common attribute, breaking down an organic substance, as sugar into alcohol, the fundamental principle of physics that the total energy of an isolated system is constant despite internal changes, splitting a massive nucleus with the release of energy, (physics) a thermodynamic quantity equivalent to the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs, the withdrawal of heat to change something from a liquid to a solid, the temperature below which a liquid turns into a solid, reaction in which nuclei combine to form more massive nuclei, state of matter distinguished from solid and liquid states, atoms bound together as a unit forming part of a molecule, any of five related nonmetallic elements (fluorine or chlorine or bromine or iodine or astatine) that are all monovalent and readily form negative ions, a form of energy transferred by a difference in temperature, consisting of elements not of the same kind or nature, all of the same or similar kind or nature, any compound that contains water of crystallization, an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen, a chemical bond consisting of a hydrogen atom between two electronegative atoms (e.g., oxygen or nitrogen) with one side be a covalent bond and the other being an ionic bond, having a higher osmotic pressure than a comparison solution, having a lower osmotic pressure than a comparison solution, a hypothetical gas with molecules of negligible size that exert no intermolecular forces, a substance that changes color to show something's presence, any compound that does not contain carbon, a particle that is electrically charged positive or negative, containing or involving electrically charged particles, a chemical bond between oppositely charged ions, a compound that exists in forms having different arrangements of atoms but the same molecular weight, having the same or equal osmotic pressure, atom with same atomic number, different number of neutrons, British physicist who invented the Kelvin scale of temperature and pioneered undersea telegraphy (1824-1907), (physics) a theory that gases consist of small particles in random motion, an arrangement of points in a regular periodic pattern, a fundamental principle of classical physics that matter cannot be created or destroyed in an isolated system, (chemistry) law stating that every pure substance always contains the same elements combined in the same proportions by weight, the principle that if any change is imposed on a system that is in equilibrium then the system tends to adjust to a new equilibrium counteracting the change, fluid matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume, material that changes color in acidic or alkaline solutions, the property of something that shines with reflected light, the property of a body that causes it to have weight, the sum of the number of neutrons and protons in an atomic nucleus, the temperature at which a solid turns into a liquid, the curved upper surface of a liquid in a vertical tube, a chemical element or alloy that is usually a shiny solid, a chemical bond in which electrons are shared over many nuclei and electronic conduction occurs, of or being a nonmetallic element that has some of the properties of metal, a substance consisting of substances blended together, concentration measured by molecular weight of a substance, the molecular mass of a substance expressed in grams, the simplest structural unit of an element or compound, of or relating to an element consisting of a single atom, having only a limited ability to react chemically, a chemical reaction in which an acid and a base interact with the formation of a salt; with strong acids and bases the essential reaction is the combination of hydrogen ions with hydroxyl ions to form water, any of the chemically inert gaseous elements of the helium group in the periodic table, the positively charged dense center of an atom, the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom, relating to the path of one body around another, any compound of carbon and another element or a radical, diffusion of molecules through a semipermeable membrane, the process by which a substance combines with oxygen, the degree of oxidation of an atom or ion or molecule, a reversible chemical reaction in which one reaction is an oxidation and the reverse is a reduction, (chemistry) the principle that chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers, arrangement of chemical elements according to atomic number, a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution, a change from one state (solid or liquid or gas) to another without a change in chemical composition, any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions, a fourth state of matter distinct from solid, liquid or gas, having a pair of equal and opposite charges, of or relating to a molecule made up of more than two atoms, a naturally occurring or synthetic compound, a chemical process that combines several monomers to form a polymer or polymeric compound, a substance separated from a solution or suspension, a chemical substance formed as a result of a reaction, a basic or essential attribute shared by members of a class, energy transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles, a chemical substance present at the start of a process, a process in which a substance is changed into another, a substance for use in chemical reactions, the formation of reddish-brown ferric oxides on iron by low-temperature oxidation in the presence of water, the relative proportion of salt in a solution, a chemical reaction in which an ester is heated with an alkali (especially the alkaline hydrolysis of a fat or oil to make soap), matter with definite shape at room temperature and pressure, the quality of being easily dissolved in liquid, a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances, a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances, the heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of a substance one degree centigrade, (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container), (chemistry) the relation between the quantities of substances that take part in a reaction or form a compound (typically a ratio of whole integers), a body having finite mass and internal structure but negligible dimensions, a change directly from the solid to the gaseous state, character printed slightly below and to the side of another, a particular kind of matter with uniform properties, phenomenon at a liquid's surface from intermolecular forces, a mixture in which fine particles are supported by buoyancy, the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment, the branch of chemistry that studies the relation between chemical action and the amount of heat absorbed or generated, physics concerned with heat and other forms of energy, a measured amount of a solution of unknown concentration is added to a known volume of a second solution until the reaction between them is just complete; the concentration of the unknown solution (the titer) can then be calculated, the combining power of an atom or radical, an electron in the outer shell of an atom which can combine with other atoms to form molecules, the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object, the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity, Created on February 26, 2017