GradeSaver, 10 December 2018 Web. PDF downloads of all 1373 LitCharts literature guides, and of every new one we publish. This excerpt of Churchill's speech also shows how anaphora can help to give structure and therefore meaning and interest to a list. Eliot, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Here’s a quick and simple definition: Anaphora is a figure of speech in which words repeat at the beginning of successive clauses, phrases, or sentences. The anaphora creates a rhythmic anchor that forces Dickens's contradictory descriptions to remain connected. Using both anaphora and epistrophe at once creates a third figure of speech called symploce. In "If I Had," Eminem uses anaphora to align his list of complaints with the rhythm of the song, and to emphasize just how tired he is of feeling trapped in poverty. Get a quick-reference PDF with concise definitions of all 136 Lit Terms we cover. These Hollow Men narrate the poem in a chorus. In his poem "London," William Blake makes use of anaphora with variation: In every cry of every Man, In every infant's cry of fear, In every voice, in every ban, The mind-forg'd manacles I hear. Sting, the band's frontman and songwriter, has written that he intended the lyrics to capture the jealous, overbearing attitude of an obsessed ex-lover, or even the surveillance power of a Big Brother state like the one in George Orwell's 1984. For example, Martin Luther King's famous "I Have a Dream" speech contains anaphora: "So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania...". Anaphora in Dr. King's "Letter From a Birmingham Jail", "But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate-filled policemen curse, kick, brutalize and even kill your Black brothers and sisters with impunity; when you see the vast majority of your twenty million Negro brothers smothering in an airtight cage of poverty in the midst of an affluent society; when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six-year-old daughter why she can't go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television, and see tears welling up in her little eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see the depressing cloud of inferiority begin to form in her little mental sky, and see her begin to distort her little personality by unconsciously developing a bitterness toward white people; when you have to concoct an answer for a five-year-old son asking in agonizing pathos: 'Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean? The poem begins with two epigraphs alluding to two examples of "Hollow Men," one from fiction, the other from history. Some additional key details about anaphora: Here's how to pronounce anaphora: uh-naf-er-uh. Moloch whose factories dream and croak in the fog! Vocabulary Quiz on 'I Have a Dream' Speech, Effective Rhetorical Strategies of Repetition, Biography of the Rev. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. Below are a few famous examples of anaphora, which offer some insight into the way it works in various contexts. I don't like your jerk-off name. For want of a rider the message was lost For want of a message the battle was lost. Anaphora is a rhetorical term for the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses.